March 29, 2015

Turma da Mônica: As primeiras aparições


Eu adoro a Turma da Mônica. E meus amigos sabem que quando vêm me visitar aqui em NYC a única coisa que eu peço é que me tragam revistinhas de presente. Quando eu morava no Brasil eu comprava tudo o que saía, mas, uma vez que a turminha ainda não deu as caras na América do Norte, fica difícil acompanhar morando por aqui.

Vamos falar um pouco sobre as primeiras aparições da Turma da Mônica.

Todos os quadros de 'Evolução de Personagem' foram elaborados pelo Paulo Back, roteirista da MSP e responsável pelo melhor Database de quadrinhos da Turma. Confira aqui.

TUDO COMEÇOU COM UM CÃOZINHO AZUL
Criador e criaturas: Maurício de Sousa com as versões modernas de Horácio, Cascão, Magali, Cebolinha, Mônica e Bidu 

Maurício de Sousa, então repórter policial da Folha da Manhã, ilustrava suas matérias com desenhos e em 1959 teve sua ideia para uma tirinha com os personagens Bidu e Franjinha aceita para publicação. Ali estava o embrião do que viria a ser a turma de personagens mais reconhecidos (e amados) da cultura brasileira.

Maurício como repórter policial
Cabe lembrar que Maurício começou trabalhando duro para divulgar suas tiras, mantendo as funções de desenhista e repórter por alguns anos. O Brasil não tinha ainda um mercado que permitia viver apenas de sua arte como faziam Hank Ketchman e Charles M. Schultz, criadores das tirinhas de 'Dennis, o pimentinha' e 'Peanuts' respectivamente. Muitos tentaram, acabaram falidos e desistiram de seus sonhos pelo caminho. Mauricio prosperou, mas não sem alguns tropeços: a primeira revistinha da turma, 'Bidu', durou apenas 8 edições apostando no sucesso dos personagens na revista 'Zaz Traz'. O cartunista, porém, vivia sob um ensinamento do seu pai: "Desenhe pela manhã, administre os negócios à tarde". Algo meio parecido com o conselho do Tio Ben para o jovem Peter Parker, sacou?

Nas páginas de diferentes jornais surgiram diferentes personagens que até hoje estão entre nós como Mônica e Cebolinha. Outros, o politicamente correto levou e nunca mais trouxe de volta como o Nico Demo.

Um detalhe interessante é que os personagens surgiam como coadjuvantes em outras tirinhas e logo ganhavam força de protagonistas. Cebolinha surgiu na tira do Bidu e Franjinha; Penadinho surgiu na tira do Cebolinha antes de ganhar sua própria tirinha; e nas tirinhas do Cebolinha nos conhecemos o Anjinho, Xaveco, Cascão, Magali e Mônica, que viria a se tornar a Prima Dona dos quadrinhos.

Pai e suas filhas: Mariângela, Maurício, Mônica e Magali.
Todas imortalizadas pela arte do pai.
Dona de uma popularidade sem tamanho, Mônica é reconhecida em quase todo mundo por suas peculiaridades: Baixinha, gorducha e dentuça. A personagem, que foi inspirada em uma das filhas do próprio Maurício, hoje ocupa o mesmo patamar de outras meninas sabichonas como Mafalda e Luluzinha.

Mônica, aliás, se tornaria a primeira personagem a ter seu nome estampado em uma revista em quadrinhos quando, dez anos depois da tentativa com o Bidu, Mauricio voltou a apostar novamente em uma revista em quadrinhos. Depois vieram Cebolinha, Pelezinho, Cascão, Chico Bento, e o resto é História. Histórias das boas, dessas que só um bom contador de causos como Maurício de Sousa poderia conceber.


___ BIDU E FRANJINHA ___
Julho de 1959

Essa é a primeira aparição de Franjinha e Bidu. O cãozinho foi batizado após um concurso realizado por Maurício entre seus colegas de trabalho. Bidu era uma gíria da época pra denominar esperto. Foi baseado num cachorro que o cartunista tinha quando criança em Mogi das Cruzes chamado Cuíca.

Bidu, que tudo iniciou, hoje é mascote e símbolo da MSP.

___ CEBOLINHA ___
Outubro de 1960

Ao contrário do que muitos pensam, Cebolinha não foi baseado em um dos filhos do Maurício, mas em um amigo de infância que sofria de deslavai, onde a criança troca o R pelo L, mas que tem tratamento. O próprio Cebolinha, aliás, se tratou com uma fonoaudióloga como visto no número 0 da Turma da Mônica Jovem.
Evolução do personagem 
___ CASCÃO ___
Novembro de 1961

Cascão tinha uma cara de mau e parecia bem mais sujo no início, mas o personagem caiu no gosto popular. A "polícia do politicamente correto" implicou algumas vezes com o fato do personagem não tomar banho, mas Maurício se manteve fiel à sua criação. Hoje, além de melhor amigo do Cebolinha, Cascão é um expert na arte da reciclagem e tem um coração de ouro.
Evolução do personagem
___ MÔNICA ___
Março de 1963

Mônica surgiu após Maurício ser chamado de misógino por um jornalista pelo fato de não haver meninas no seu universo. A inspiração para a personagem veio de dentro de casa, da filha que andava com um coelho de palha e era meio emburrada. Será que o cartunista esperava que Mônica seria esse furacão de sucesso?
Evolução do personagem

___ MAGALI ___
Janeiro de 1964
A comilona mais amada do Brasil foi inspirada em Magali, outra filha do Maurício, que, segundo o autor, seria capaz de devorar uma melancia inteira sozinha. Magali, apesar de ser uma personagem amada, principalmente pelas meninas, demorou muito a ganhar suas aventuras solo. E que bom que ganhou, pois foi nas páginas de suas revistinha que Denise, uma das minhas personagens preferidas, primeiro surgiu.
Evolução do personagem

___ CHICO BENTO ___
1963
O caipira simpático surgiu nas tiras do Zé da Roça e Hiroshi em 1963 (Quem souber o mês, por favor, deixe nos comentários!) e logo se tornou mais popular do que os protagonistas. Muitos reclamavam de seu "caipirês" e o personagem por um tempo começou a falar corretamente. Todavia, sem o mesmo charme. Logo que recuperou seu dialeto, Chico conquistou mais e mais leitores e o sucesso foi corroborado pelo lançamento de sua revistinha.
Evolução do personagem
Esperado que tenham gostado de uma breve história do surgimento da turminha. ;-)

Eu adoro essa imagem feita pelo roteirista da MSP Emerson Abreu
como parte da historinha Exôdo, que consta no livro Ouro da Casa da Editora Panini.








February 20, 2015

Robin: Batman's Unforgettable Sidekick



I'm pretty sure when you think of Batman, you immediately picture him alongside his sidekick Robin. But, do you know how many people were entrusted the Robin position? Did you know girls were allowed to be a Robin? Is it true one of them died tragically? 

Here I have a list with the official Robins and a few curiosity about them:

___ Dick Grayson ___
Robin I / Nightwing / Batman
First appearance: Detective Comics 38 (April, 1940)


Dick Grayson, an orphan and acrobat, became Batman's first partner. Robin was created as a way to attract young readers to comic books. The strategy was so successful it led to the creation of other superheroes sidekicks, such as Aqualad, Speedy and Wonder Girl (Later, those characters would become the Teen Titans, a younger version of the Justice League). 

Dick is considered the best Robin according to the fans and the one Batman cares the most. In the very beginning, the relationship between Dick and Bruce was considered controversial and even homossexual. The controversy gained followers after the novel 'Seduction of the innocent' by psychiatrist Fredric Wertham was published and comic books became targets for censorship. To silence the rumors, DC created Batwoman and Bat-girl (Betty Kane, not Barbara Gordon) as love interests for Batman and Robin.

As he grows up, Dick decides to retire as Robin to dedicate himself to the leadership of the Teen Titans and takes his own superhero identity: Nightwing.


___ Jason Todd ___
Robin II / Red Hood
First appearance: Batman 357 (March, 1983)


Jason Todd suffered the hate of readers because he came straight after Dick in the role of Robin. The public was still coming to accept Dick was never going to be Batman's sidekick again. Jason was revamped and became a little popular, although his behavior and attitude problems proved he wasn't worth the Robin position. 

In a last attempt to test Jason's popularity, DC Comics editors created 'A Death in the Family' storyline where Batman's fans could call a 1-900 number to vote if Robin would die tragically of if he would survive after all. By a slim margin of votes it was decided Jason's fate as he is beaten up by the Joker and left to die on a warehouse explosion. Batman gets there too late to save Jason and his death haunts the Dark Knight for years to come.

Years later, due to an absurd editorial decision, Jason is brought back to life and becomes the new Red Hood. He was revived thanks to an event involving Superboy-Prime that changed many facts in the DC Universe. However, I think this decision was as stupid as Spider-man's 'One more day' saga that erases Peter and Mary Jane's wedding from continuity. 


___ Tim Drake ___
Robin III / Red Robin
First appearance: Batman 436 (August, 1989)


When I started reading comics, Tim was the Robin in action. For me, he was the best sidekick ever! Clever, good at fighting and with a family to care for, unlike the other two Robins. Tim Drake was also the most explored Robin and the only one to get a monthly title of his own.

Not to make the same mistake and bring a new Robin too soon, it took a while before DC decided it was time for Batman to have a new sidekick. Tim was introduced little by little as a boy who deducts Batman secret identity and decides to prove himself worthy of the Robin suit. Although Batman doesn't like the idea in the beginning, Tim becomes indispensable as a partner.

Before the relaunch of the DC titles, the New 52, Tim leaves Gotham for a while and becomes Red Robin, acting by himself while trying to find Bruce Wayne's whereabouts. After a while, however, Tim returns as the boy wonder.


___ Stephanie Brown ___
Spoiler / Robin IV / Batgirl
First appearance: Detective Comics 647 (August, 1992)



This lucky character, Stephanie Brown, is the daughter of the villain Cluemaster. She becomes the vigilant Spoiler to frustrate his father's plans and ends up helping Batman and Robin. Batman is not sure if she's ready to fight crime, but Stephanie doesn't really care and starts working by herself. For several times she teams up with Robin, who became a love interest for her.

When Tim leaves the Robin position, Stephanie convinces Batman that she is his best option as  a sidekick and becomes the new Robin. However, she dies in action a few issues later.

Spoiler is seen back in Gotham City and Tim thinks he's crazy. But, for his surprise, Stephanie was never dead. She was actually living in Africa with Dr. Leslie Tompkins, who faked her death for the girl to have a better life. For a short period of time, before DC's relaunch, Stephanie acted as Batgirl helped by original Batgirl Barbara Gordon. I call her a lucky b***h for she's the only one to be a vigilant, then a Robin, then a Batgirl. Cool, right?

___ Damian Wayne ___
Robin V
First appearance: Batman 655 (September, 2006)


Damian is the son of Bruce Wayne and Thalia Al Ghul. He just came to know his father when he was already a pre-adolescent and was raised to be a violent assassin in his grandfather's league. Fearing for his son's future, Thalia leaves Damian in Bruce's care. Father and son, however, don't enjoy each other's methods in the beginning. Simply because Batman doesn't kill and Damian was raised to do so.

After Bruce supposedly dies and Dick Grayson takes over the Batman cowl, Damian is chosen as the new Robin. When Bruce returns to his role as the protector of Gotham City he's happy to see Damian's changes and accepts his son as his sidekick.


___ Carrie Kelley ___
Robin in The Dark Knight Returns
First appearance: The Dark Knight returns 1 (February, 1986)


Although not a canonic storyline, 'The Dark Knight Returns' introduces the first girl to ever be a Robin. An ingenious decision by Frank Miller. In this alternate reality, Carrie is a 13-year-old girl who saves a tired and old Batman from a gang and manages to become his "last" sidekick.

Carrie is essencial in Batman's confrontation with the Joker and later on, as the series develops, she becomes a new vigilant known as Catgirl.



February 17, 2015

NYC Scenes: You just don't know



You just don't know, but...

... the subway car you're in is full of souls.

... is full of stories.

.... is full of fears.

The cool Asian girl, looking at her I-phone 4, is actually trying to find a way to pay her college tuition.

The bearded man in a black coat, listening to music, is worried about a job interview he's going to. Look at the way he scratches his nails to hide the anxiety. 

The young lady looking outside the window is thinking about the girl she met the day before in a bar. She may be in love. And that's confusing for her. Pay attention to her engagement ring.

The Mexican man, who's been clearly working all day, wants to get laid. And by the way he looks at women it doesn't really need to be his wife the chosen one.

A young man reads an article about HIV on a magazine. Tearful eyes, trembling hands... A band-aid on his right arm... One can say he'd gotten a positive diagnose just a few minutes ago.

A couple, not so young, is in love. They play with each other's hands and smile for no reason, not even talking. They kiss. And they really mean it.

A man, carrying a cart with his personal belongings, just wants to get to the shelter before it runs out of beds. He doesn't want to be outside in a cold night again.

The black boy is almost dancing by himself. He has his report card on his hand. Good news? I hope so.

You, yourself, is reading a book but your mind is far away, in another country, where your family is. And you wonder if you are really happy.

In fact, the subway car is empty. At least for you.

Everyday you look at people. But you don't really see them. 

They are invisible for you.

There are things you just don't see. There are things you never will...

February 11, 2015

Spider-Man Reboot: 10 things I would like to see

By now it's not news Sony and Marvel agreed to share the rights for Spider-Man in the movies. Marvel Studios will produce the movie that will be distributed by Sony and both companies will share the profits generated by the new franchise. It was a good agreement between the studios, since Sony had lost track of the character in the new reboot and the final result of the second part of 'The Amazing Spider-man' franchise was very disappointing. We can take Superman III and IV as examples on how bad sequels can destroy a franchise. By giving in to Marvel Studios, Sony continues to have the rights to the character, part of the profits and still make fans overwhelmed with the decision. Marvel Studios may, finally, correct some mistakes and put Spidey in the same level as his other movie characters.


Spider-Man, along with other characters, had the movie rights sold by Marvel to save the company from bankruptcy. At that time, Marvel didn't have any intention to produce its own movies and having its characters on the big screen would help to increase the comic books sales. At that time, though, comic book movies were being low-budget produced and had no respect from critics. Well, the money saved Marvel, that ended up sold to Disney years later, but at a high cost: As long as the studios keep producing movies with the related characters they could never lose the rights to them. For this reason, Marvel Studios can't use any X-Men, Fantastic Four or Spider-Man related characters. Marvel Studios can only have the rights back if, by any chance, the other studios stop producing the movies for five years.

Well, but now that Marvel Studios is going to produce the new Spider-Man movies, there are some things I would like to see.

1 - Peter Parker, the outcast

I like the idea of Parker being a nerd, an outcast. He was never popular and only became friends with Harry Osborn because the guy had problems with his father. He can be intelligent, but not a genius as the movies show. Peter, so far, is going to be the only character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe to preserve his secret identity, so it's good to have this duality: the shy introverted man opposite to the defiant bold hero!

2 - Not another origin story

I mean, you can introduce Spider-Man and sneak some origin scenes along the movie, but not something that would take 40 minutes to show what people already know. Yes, they can even show Uncle Ben's death. But, please, not a big drama about it. I love the introduction of 'The Incredible Hulk', which tells all the origin of the character in less than two minutes. It's not an official sequel, but people already know who the hero is.

3 - A new girlfriend

Before Gwen Stacy and Mary Jane there was Betty Brant. Not Peter's biggest, but first love. In the comics, she loves Peter because he's the ordinary guy she's looking for, but they broke up after her brother's death, for which she blames Spider-Man. And, she never gets to know Peter's secret identity. I imagine Rachel McAdams playing the character. Oh, we can't forget that once upon a time Peter was romantically involved with Carol Danvers, who is going to be the main hero in the upcoming movie 'Captain Marvel'.

4 - J.K. Simmons back as J.J. Jameson

For me it was an amazing choice to have Simmons as the Daily Bugle editor. The actor is so charismatic he made Jameson a very enjoyable character. And, after his Oscar, Marvel should welcome Simmons back to the cast.

5 - Aunt May

A Spider-Man movie without having Peter care about his beloved aunt is impossible to imagine. In the last two movies the Aunt May played by Sally Field was a woman who worked several jobs to take care of Peter, a stubborn grown-up. How horrible is that? Helen Mirren would kill in this role.

6 - Introduce a new villain

We're not dying to see villains like the Green Goblin and Dr. Octopus again, so, why not introducing a new bad guy? I would go for the Vulture, Scorpio or even the Chameleon. It's too soon for Venom and Carnage, so hold your horses!!! Remember that we have 'Infinity War' coming up, so, that would be perfect to introduce the Symbiote. 

7 - Introduce a new hero

It's  the Marvel Cinematic Universe! A character making a cameo in some other hero's movie is no news! Since Spider-Man himself may first appear in 'Captain America: Civil war', why not introduce a new hero in Spider's solo movie? Maybe Carol Danvers...

8 - A good plot. A REAL good plot

Nobody wants to see those improbable coincidences all over again. So, this time hire writers who can tell a good story without forgetting about the action. Ashley Miller, Zach Stentz and Jane Goldman (X-Men first class) or Art Marcum and Matt Holloway (Iron Man) could easily do that.

9 - Great supporting characters

I would focus on the Daily Bugle characters like J.J. Jameson, Betty Brant, Joe 'Robbie' Robertson and Glory Grant. I would also include Flash Thompson, Harry Osborn, Anna Watson (but not Mary Jane now) and Captain Stacy (but not Gwen Stacy now). They are important supporting characters in the Spider-Man mythos and I'm sure that, with the right casting, they would make the movie more enjoyable.

10 - A very charismatic actor to play Peter / Spider-Man

If I could cast Peter, Dave Franco would be my choice. First, he can be the nerdy outcast type of guy and also look good in the Spider suit. He's also smart and kind of funny. Not a A-list Hollywood Star but that's actually an advantage: no need for a multi-millionaire salary.




February 05, 2015

They will never be royals

Disney's Forgotten Princesses

The Disney Princess Franchise is one of the most profitable line of products created by Walt Disney Company. Once a character is selected to be part of this group of female heroines, a series of merchandise is created to ensure people would never forget these special girls.

Current line-up of Princesses: Rapunzel, Mulan, Pocahontas, Elsa and Anna (who will be incorporated to the line in 2015), Aurora, Cinderella, Merida, Tiana, Belle, Ariel, Jasmine and Snow White.
To be incorporated to the franchise, the character doesn't really need to be royal. Mulan and Pocahontas, for example, are not real princesses. If there's a rule is that the princess can never be an animal, so, characters such Minnie Mouse or Lion King's Nala would never be part of it. 

The main reason for characters to be coronated "princess" seems to be commercial success of the movie they star. For this reason, for the lack of commercial success, a few female heroins were not included in the final list. Lets see them:

1 - Alice (Alice in Wonderland, 1951)


She's a heroin, lets face it, but the final result of the movie in the box-office was never impressive. Maybe for this reason Alice is not part of the Franchise.

2 - Princess Eilonwy (The Black Cauldron, 1985)


This one was born royal, but, who remembers her?

3 - Esmeralda (The Hunchback of Notre Dame, 1996)


This movie was successful. Esmeralda can even be considered a princess among her people, the gypsies. However, the character was too dense and deep for the target audience. Not to talk about her sexy dancing and the obsession she caused upon the main villain.

4 - Megara (Hercules, 1997)


Well, if Zeus is the king of the Mount Olympus, Hercules is a prince. When he choses to be with Megara, that makes her a princess... Or kind of... So, why not taking this beautiful Greek character to the franchise? We'll never know...

5 - Princess Kida (Atlantis, 2001)


She is a real princess and blah, blah, blah... But the movie flopped in the box-office. And so did her career as a Disney Princess.

6 - Tinker Bell (Peter Pan, 1953)


She's was originally in the Princess Franchise but was removed to be replaced by Tiana. The excuse: Tinker Bell was already the star in her own franchise, Disney fairies. 

January 31, 2015

10 Hottest Super-heroes in Cinema

Okay, lets be a little shallow and stop to admire the hottest Super-heroes brought to life by the magic of cinema.

1 - Chris Pratt (Starlord in Guardians of the Galaxy)

Lets face it: Marvel got it right when chose this great comedian to play Starlord. It was risky, since the Guardians of the Galaxy was not the most known franchise in the comics for the studio to make a movie. However, GOTG became one of the most profitable movies in 2014.

2 - Chris Evans (Human Torch / Captain America in Fantastic Four / Avengers franchise)

We knew he could be a Super-hero in the Fantastic Four movies. When the franchise was cancelled by Fox, Evans was taken by Marvel Studios to play Captain America. Way to go, Marvel!

3 - Henry Cavill (Superman in The Man of Steel)

He's the most handsome actor to ever wear the suit of Superman. Also, Cavill is very talented and was helped by an amazing supporting cast.

4 - Hugh Jackman (Wolverine in X-Men franchise)

Dougray Scott almost became Wolverine (Yeah... Who's this?) but decided to join Mission Impossible instead. Hugh Jackman was a last minute casting, but nobody can imagine another actor playing the Canadian mutant.

5 - Robert Downey Jr (Iron Man in Avengers franchise)

Without Downey's charisma it is possible that Marvel Cinematic Universe could never go that far. Iron-Man paved the way to all the Marvel movies we love. Thanks to Jon Favreau, who, since the very beginning, wanted the actor. It was said Tom Cruise was the studio first option. Can you imagine that?

6 - Michael Fassbender (Magneto in X-Men Franchise)

I thought any actor cast to play a young Magneto would be in trouble! It was, after all, a younger version of the character flawlessly created by Sir Ian McKellen. However, Fassbender is that kind of actor so talented that when he's in action we pay no attention to anyone else.

7 - Jason Momoa (Conan in Conan, the Barbarian)

The idea was to create a new franchise for the Barbarian in the cinema. However, the bad script didn't attract a lot of moviegoers. But Jason Momoa will be seen next as Aquaman in the Justice League franchise.

8 - Taylor Kitsch (Gambit in X-Men Origins Wolverine)

I'm sorry Channing Tatum, but, physically speaking Kitsch was the perfect choice for Gambit. Unfortunately, X-men Origins Wolverine is everything we can hate about a Super-heroe movie. Best luck in the next project, Taylor.

9 - Chris Hemsworth (Thor in Avengers franchise)

Although not very talented, Hemsworth is perfect as Thor. His range of dramatic skills don't go that far, but, I think it's not what the character needs so far.

10 - Tom Hiddleston (Loki in Avengers Franchise)

A perfect cast choice. A villain that everyone loves! Specially because Hiddleston's talent created a Loki impossible to be hated or forgotten. I hope he comes back soon!!!

I hope you enjoy. Let me know what's the hottest Super-hero in your opinion ;-)

Bonus: Upcoming hot stuff

Aaron Taylor-Johnson (Quicksilver in Avengers franchise)

Paul Rudd (Ant-Man in Avengers franchise)

Ben Afflek (Batman in Batman vs Superman)

Jared Leto (The Joker in Suicide Squad)

Will Smith (Deadshot in Suicide Squad)